New National Gallery

-Evan Bruetsch

The New National Gallery in the Kulturforum in Berlin, Germany was completed in 1968, and culminated the career of leading modernist architect Mies van der Rohe. Raised up on a type of plinth with a vast, open gallery space floating above the more conventional gallery space below, the building serves as a cultural beacon to the city. The gallery houses a collection of famous works from the Cubist, Expressionist, Bauhaus, and Surrealist movements. New National Gallery remains a monument to the revival of Berlin, to modernism, and to Mies van der Rohe’s immense and successful impact on the history of modern architecture in the 20th century. Mies’ study of factories like the Glen Martin assembly plant paved the way for the creation of this building, which represents the culmination of American influence on European modernism.